How the Brain Says “Oops!” – Neuroscientists Unlock Mechanisms Behind Performance Monitoring

Neuroscientists from Cedars-Sinai have unlocked the mechanisms behind performance monitoring, which gives people the ability to learn from their successes and failures. Researchers have uncovered how signals from a group of neurons in the brain’s frontal lobe simultaneously give humans the flexibility to learn new tasks — and the focus to develop highly specific skills. … Read more

Tinnitus Seems to Be Somehow Linked to a Crucial Bodily Function, Studies Hint

Around 15 percent of the world’s population suffers from tinnitus, a condition which causes someone to hear a sound (such as ringing or buzzing) without any external source. It is often associated with hearing loss. Not only can the condition be annoying for sufferers, it can also have a serious effect on mental health, often … Read more

Elon Musk Claims Neuralink Could ‘Cure’ Tinnitus … Don’t Get Too Excited

The human brain is said to be the most complex biological structure ever to have existed. And while science does not fully understand the brain yet, researchers in the expanding field of neuroscience have been making progress. Neuroscientists have made substantial inroads towards mapping the complex functions of the brain’s 85 billion or so neurons … Read more

Tiny Channels Discovered Inside The Human Skull Could Be Vital For The Brain

A shortcut between the skull and the brain could be a possible way for the human immune system to bypass the blood-brain barrier. Researchers recently discovered a series of tiny channels in mice and human skulls, and in mice at least, these little pathways represent an unexpected source of brain immunity. Previously, scientists assumed that … Read more

Gene Therapy Reverses Effects of Autism-Linked Mutation in Human Brain Organoids

Microscopy images reveal significant differences in size and structure between brain organoids derived from a patient with Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome (right) and from a control (left). Credit: UC San Diego Health Sciences The University of California San Diego (UCSD) study uses lab-grown human brain tissue to identify neural abnormalities in Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome and test gene therapy … Read more

New Atlases Will Map All 180+ Billion Cells in the Human Brain

A combination of microscopy, tissue preparation, and data innovations could yield first-of-their-kind brain atlases that specify the locations and types of all of the brain’s 180+ billion cells. Credit: Hillman Lab / Columbia’s Zuckerman Institute Columbia-led team wins $ 9.1 million research grant to create fundamentally new maps that will chart cell diversity throughout the … Read more

Atherosclerotic Plaques “Talk” With the Brain – Innovative Therapies To Fight Atherosclerosis

New research from a European collaboration paves the way for innovative strategies to fight atherosclerosis. A new research study shows the existence of a connection between atherosclerotic plaques and the central nervous system. This previously unknown “circuit” involves three systemically acting tissues, the immune system, the nervous system, and the cardiovascular system. This crosstalk is … Read more

Tufts University researchers discover new function performed by nearly half of brain cells – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine have discovered a previously unknown function performed by a type of cell that comprises nearly half of all cells in the brain. Researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine have discovered a previously unknown function performed by a type of cell that comprises nearly half of all cells … Read more